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What does it mean to be thin?

The term "thin fat" refers to a person who is not overweight, but where the body's fat mass is still so high that it has consequences for the health.

Overweight is a condition where the body's fat mass is so high that it has consequences for health. The most common classification of overweight is based on body mass index (BMI) (Table 1). BMI is calculated by dividing body weight (kg) at height 2 (meters).

Table 1: WHO Classification of Overweight in Adults

ClassificationBMI (kg / m2)health Risk
Underweight1< 18.5Depends on the reason for the underweight
Normal weight 18.5 - 24,9Normal
Overweight≥ 25.0
Moderate overweight25.0 - 29,9Slightly increased
Heavy overweightobesity≥ 30.0Medium to much increased
- Class Iobesity30.0 - 34,9Medium increased
- Class IIHeavy obesity35.0 - 39,9Strongly increased
- Class IIIExtreme obesity1≥ 40.0Extremely increased

However, the classification may be misleading in relation to the health risk, as BMI does not take into account the body's amount of fat and muscle (fat percentage) and / or fat distribution. Both parts are of crucial importance to the health risk.

The fat percentage, but especially the placement of the body's fat deposits, is essential for obesity overweight. The health effects of obesity are highly dependent on the location of the body on the body; ie if you are apple or pear shaped.

The bug grease is harmful, whereas the fat on the hips and thighs is likely to be beneficial. The bug grease, especially that which sits inside the abdominal cavity around the organs, emits many free fatty acids and a variety of signal substances that have harmful effects on the body.

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How can you check if you are thin?

Thin people have high fat percentage. There are many ways to determine the fat percentage, including special bathweights and handheld gauges. Unfortunately, these are very inaccurate to measure the fat percentage of the individual. A precise determination of fat percentage requires advanced and expensive scanning, which is available only in few places, for example, at certain hospital departments. In addition, even though it is accurately measured, the fat percentage does not account for the distribution of fat, which is crucial to the health risk.

Another way, and better way to check if you're thin, is the degree of bugfedme. There is, as for BMI, a classification of bugfedm, which is based on the waist circumference (Table 2).

The classification has limitations as factors such as ethnicity, age and total body size affect health risk. In addition, the displayed limit values ??can be discussed and work is being done to develop better health classifications based on the speech target.

Table 2: WHO Classification of Bug Fedness in Adult Europeans

ClassificationTaljeomrred (cm)health Risk
Men> 94Increased
> 102Significantly increased
women> 80Increased
> 88Significantly increased

Until these tools have been developed, repeated measurements over time of both waist and thigh / hip circumference can be a tool for the individual to assess their health risk. The health risk will be lowest for people like a low waist circumference AND a high thigh / hip circumference, which over time does not increase the waist circumference and decreases the thigh / hip circumference. The waist circumference can be measured in different places, but it seems that everywhere is useful when only the same measuring point is used each time.

Are there any symptoms of being thin?

Thin people have a low muscle mass and a high fat percentage, especially due to fat in the abdominal cavity. Often the condition will not have visible symptoms, but some thin-minded people will have a number of disorders related to fat in the abdominal cavity, such as decreased insulin sensitivity, elevated levels of fat in the blood, high blood pressure and mild chronic inflammatory state in many parts of the body. In addition, a low muscle mass will often be related to an inactive lifestyle that enhances the above-mentioned disturbances, and thin-minded people will often also have poor fitness and strength.

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What are the risks associated with being thin-footed?

Obesity, especially bug fever, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially of non-alcoholic fat liver disease, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. The panel of obesity-related morbidity and mortality is continuously expanded, for example, the dementia is also related to obesity. There is probably a risk that in spite of a normal BMI, thin-minded people may have an increased risk of these diseases due to excessive fat in the abdominal cavity.

How can you improve its condition and get rid of its 'thinness'?

The health consequences of thin-footedness relate to the low muscle mass and to excessive fat in the abdominal cavity. It is therefore about increasing the muscle mass and reducing the bug fat.

This indicates that physical activity, both in terms of fitness and / or strength training, is the best way to reduce bug fat, especially if the exercise is high intensity. In addition, the muscle mass builds up in physical activity, so the exercise will have beneficial effects without a real weight loss. There is also evidence that (unhealthy) diet, smoking, alcohol and poor sleep increase the risk of thin fats, but the scientific evidence for these factors is limited.

Weight loss, and especially local weight loss, is difficult, especially in the long term. It is therefore about preventing the development of bugfedme while building and / or maintaining muscle mass through a general healthy lifestyle with lots of exercise.

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